Health

What is glycaemia and what happens during pregnancy

The blood glucose test, also called glycated hemoglobin, allows you to know the average blood glucose in the 2 or 3 months prior to the test. Specifically, it measures the blood concentration of glucose-bound hemoglobin. This test is performed like a normal blood test and is also used to diagnose diabetes mellitus, as opposed to diabetes insipidus, particularly type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes Leververvetting.

Hormones that regulate it

The blood sugar regulation system is mainly mediated by the action of 2 hormones

Insulin – this is a hypoglycemic hormone because it promotes the lowering of blood sugar. An increase in blood glucose levels in fact stimulates the secretion of insulin which, with its action, brings blood sugar back to normal levels. After a few hours of fasting, blood sugar tends to drop due to the passage of glucose from the circulation to the tissues. After a large meal, the blood sugar tends to rise due to the large amounts of glucose that the intestine pours into the circulation.

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Blood sugar in pregnancy

The sugar levels in the blood during pregnancy may vary. The blood glucose control is one of the most important factors during this period helps to ensure the best chance of pregnancy success.  This happens because women are unable to produce an increase in the amount of insulin to overcome resistance levels. It is good to keep in mind some information about diabetes before pregnancy :

There are a narrowly improved threat of infant deaths or birth deformities in the newborn of a mommy with diabetes, nonetheless, predisposition supervision can stave off this chance by ensuring that the mother is as healthy as possible before and during pregnancy.

Furthermore, complications related to gestational diabetes tend to get worse; these include: hypertension kidney disease nerve damage retinopathy, which is a form of eye disease. At delivery, the newborn’s blood sugar degrees may be hypoglycemic, outstanding to the disposal of the motherly glucose basis. This is observed by a heel blood examination and can be rebuilt to ordinary with oral or intravenous ¬†sugar.

In addition to this, an additional glucose tolerance test should be carried out at the postnatal control for 6 weeks in order to determine whether further treatment should be considered. When a expecting baby mom has an abnormalities elevated blood sugar degree, the baby will naturally stock the extra glucose as torso oil. For type of reason, the baby will be larger than average when the gestation date is reached. This is a condition known as fetal macrosomia.